- Assess the relative importance of long- and short-term causes of the First World War.
- To what extent can it be said that the First World War was caused by the alliance system?
- To what extent can it be argued that the First World War was caused by nationalism?
- To what extent should Germany be held responsible for causing the First World War?
- Define “total war” and examine to what extent the First World War was a “total war”.
- Account for the defeat of the Central Powers in the First World War.
I will choose two of the questions above for the essay writing next week (Week 4). You should only answer one question!
ESSAY 1: This part of history will be tested by an essay-in-class. Here are some papers about how to write an essay:
Overview of an essay: Overview – Essay
Textbook – Overview of an essay: Textbook – Essay
Essay Writing: ESSAY WRITING
Advice – Essay: Advice – Essay Writing
Essay ”training paper” (pdf): Essay training paper
Essay ”training paper” (Word): Essay training paper
Image – Essay Structure
Evaluation of an essay: Essay evaluation
EXAMPLE – WWII-Essay: Example of a good essay
EXAMPLE – WWII Essay (with comments): Good Essay – with comments
INTRODUCTION: Introduction – three examples
CAUSES: Here you will be able to find some material about CAUSES of WWI (Textbook pages 36-43: Textbook – Causes of WWI). Before you read any of these sources we will look at a documentary of the situation in Europe before 1914 and WWI. When you look at this documentary you should try to fill in the following paper: WWI – Backgrund of the Great Powers
LINK to the documentary – “On the Idle Hill of Summer” (BBC 1964 – The Great War)
Germany 1871-1918: Germany 1871-1918
German foreign policy 1871-1914: German Foreign Policy 1871-1914
Potsdam War Council 1912: 1912 Potsdam War Council
Imperialism: WWI – Imperialism
Great Powers around 1900: Great Powers 1900
Balkans before WWI: Balkan before WWI
Overview – Crisis: Crisis before WWI
Moroccan Crisis 1905 / Algeciras Conference 1906: Crisis 1905-06
Bosnian Crisis 1908: Bosnian Crisis 1908
July Crisis 1914: July Crisis 1914
War Plans: War Plans
Causes of WWI – Textbook: Textbook – Causes of WWI
Causes of WWI – PP: WWI – Causes
Historians and the origin of WWI: WWI – Origin Historiography 1
Historians and the origin of WWI: WWI – Origin Historiography 2
(LINK: Captain Blackadder and Baldrick discuss why WWI started)
COURSE: Here you will be able to find some material about the COURSE of WWI (Textbook pages 44-63):
Overview Fronts: Overview Fronts
WWI – Fronts: WWI – Fronts
WWI 1917–1918: WWI – 1917-1918
WWI – USA joins 1917: Why did the US join?
WWI 1918–1919: November 1918-June 1919
WWI – Weapons and warfare: WWI – Weapons and warfare
RESULTS: Here you will be able to find some material about the RESULTS of WWI (Textbook pages 64-75):
Why did Germany and her allies lose WWI: Why Germany lost WWI
Versailles Treaty June 1919: Treaty of Versailles
Overview Peace Treaties: Overview Peace Treaties
USA demanded separate Peace Treaties – why: Why did the US not sign the first Peace Treaties
Some results of WWI: WWI – Results
Impact of WWI: WWI – Impact of the war
Map – Germany after WWI: Map Germany after WWI
Map – Changes in Europe after WWI: Map Europe after WWI
Pandemic 1918-1920 Spanish Flu: Spanish Flu
WWI in 9 Minutes:
Somme 1916 – Part 2:
In the Trenches:
Women in WWI – in Great Britain: